Tracert is a command-line tool that comes with Windows operating system. This tool helps tracing the path, which is undertaken by an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) packet to reach its destination. With the help of this command-line tool, the user can troubleshoot TCP/IP issues in Windows by knowing where the tracert stops responding or what the result of tracert is.
How Tracert works?
In order to determine the path of the packet sent to its destination and to determine the problems when the packet does not reach to the destination, tracert uses TTL values. TTL stands for Time To Live. When the packet is sent, tracert sets the TTL value to 1, which is incremented by 1 on every subsequent transmission. TTL value keeps increasing until the packet reaches to the destination or maximum TTL value is reached. In case, the packet does not reach its destination and the maximum TTL is reached, the “Time Exceeded” message is displayed. If there is no problem in the network and the packet is delivered successfully then you will not see any message except the routing details. And, in case of any error in the network, tracert will display the related error message.
How to use Tracert to TroubleShoot TCP/IP Issues in Windows:
Perform the below steps to use tracert to troubleshoot TCP/IP issues in Windows:
You will see a list of the parameters that can be used with the tracert command for in-depth diagnosis. Listed below are those parameters and information about them:
How to use tracert with parameters?
You can use tracert with parameters by typing the parameter between tracert and the destination, as shown below:
C:\Windows\System32> tracert –d –h 10 www.google.com
In the above command,